Miniature Waterfall In Your Terrarium|Space Gardening

573772a7033f70b245900ecc5d9f5ae7

Making a waterfall in your vivarium or terrarium is an easy way to add visual appeal. Your pet will love the increased humidity from a waterfall, and the water movement will facilitate beneficial bacterial growth in your substrate, keeping wastes down and your reptile’s or amphibian’s habitat clean and fresh. There are several basic steps involved in constructing a waterfall for your vivarium or terrarium.

Instruction:

1. Place your pump. Generally, place it in a back corner.

2. Install the tubing by attaching it to the pump. We strongly recommend using reinforced tubing. Use about 6″ more tubing than you think you’ll need – you don’t want to cover the end of the tubing with foam when you make your background.

3. Place any fake rock/wood/hardscape in place, then foam it with Great Stuff Gaps and Cracks filler. Wear gloves and protect your work surface!

4. Let the tank sit for about a week to allow the foam to cure.

5. Use a serrated steak knife to trim and rough up the foam. Carve it how you like, and make sure all surfaces are roughed up so silicone will stick better.

6. While wearing gloves, apply GE Silicone II Window + Door or aquarium safe silicone to the foam. Cover all exposed foam.

7. While the silicone is still wet, sprinkle on dry coconut fiber or sphagnum peat. Press the substrate in with gloved hands.

8. Stand the tank up and remove any loose coco fiber. Use silicone and dry coco fiber to cover any exposed patches of foam.

9. Let the silicone dry for several days, until there is no longer a vinegar smell to the tank.

10. Once cured, use a razor blade to scrape any excess silicone off of the glass. Then, use a shopvac to remove any extra coco fiber or bits of silicone that are not attached to the background. Using the razor blade, cut off any excess hose that sticks out of the background.

11. Add your substrates, and plant!

Advertisements

Cactus & Succulent Terrarium|Space Gardening

Terrariums are like mini-ecosystems, so for those of us who love deserts and see beauty in the harsh nature of those environments, recreating these worlds on a miniature scale holds a special sort of appeal.

cact

Better yet, they’re easy to grow, seriously low maintenance and offer great architectural aesthetics for the modern home.

What you’ll need

  • A glass vessel with a wide opening
  • Activated charcoal
  • Succulent soil
  • A spoon
  • A chopstick
  • Tweezers
  • Fine mist spray bottle
  • Decorative stones, sand or figurines
  • Various succulents

Selecting the right plants

  • Find plants that will fit the dimensions of your container;
  • Choose plants that will be good neighbors. Some succulents are thirsty, others prefer more sun or shade;
  • Avoid plants where growth is thin and pale colored – this suggests they’ve been kept in poor light conditions.

bigterrariumhanging2_large

Let’s get started

Step 1

Create the first layer by pouring decorative pebbles into your container.

Good drainage is essential for success. Fill no more than one third high.

Step 2

Using the spoon, create a thin layer of charcoal over the top of the first layer (0.5-1cm).

Step 3

Begin to spoon the soil into your container. Be more generous with this layer than the first, as your plant needs sufficient soil matter to grow – some succulents actually grow extensive root systems.

Pat it down with your fingers.

Step 4

Using your chopstick, create indentations in the soil for where you want your plants to go (a long thin tool like a chopstick allows for more control when planting).

Step 5

Remove the plants from their pots and gently loosen their root systems.

DIY-Instructions

Step 6

Pop your plants in.If your plants and container are quite small, the tweezers will help you position all the elements.

Use the fat end of your chopstick to tamp down the soil around the base of your plants.

Be sure to keep the succulents away from the sides of your terrarium because they’re liable to burn on a hot day.

Step 7

Sprinkle a final layer of decorative pebbles or sand, and add some cool figurines for a bit of atmosphere (dinosaurs look ace).

Step 8

Find a well-lit, sheltered location inside your home.

Step 9

Be gone, dirty glass – simply shoot water on the inside walls to wash off residual soil.

Common terrarium mistakes

Overwatering – succulents HATE wet feet. If the roots rot it can kill the entire plant. So let the soil dry out between waterings and gently mist around once a week.

Underwatering – while succulents can tolerate long periods without water, they do enjoy an infrequent shower. If you notice leaf shrinkage, mist 2-3 times a week.

Cactus

 

Growing succulents in closed terrariums – the environment is far too humid.

Sunburn/Heatburn – remember, the glass in a terrarium will radiate and amplify the sun’s rays onto your little plants. Sure, succulents need light but you’d be surprised how badly a cacti reacts to being cooked. Don’t put them near a heater either. Ensure they get both light and shade in moderate quantities.

Combining succulents with non-desert dwelling plants – standard indoor plants have different nutrient, sun, and water requirements to succulents. I’ve seen many fancy new terrariums, landscaped to look like mini-rainforests that also feature succulents for decoration. Within weeks the succulents are dead and the owner is left wondering what they did wrong. Too little sunlight and too much water/humidity are the likely culprits.

All About Terrariums|Space Gardening

What is a terrarium?

Terrariums are usually sealable glass containers that can be opened for maintenance and to access the plants inside. However, this is not essential; terrariums can also be madials, and some are open to the atmosphere rather than being sealed. Terrariums are often kept as decorative or ornamental items in the same way as aquariums.

Terrarium1

Classification:

Closed terrariums create a unique environment for plant growth, as the transparent walls allow for both heat and light to enter the terrarium. The sealed container combined with the heat entering the terrarium allows for the creation of a small scale water cycle. This happens because moisture from both the soil and plants evaporates in the elevated temperatures inside the terrarium. This water vapour then condenses on the walls of the container, and eventually falls back to the plants and soil below. This contributes to creating an ideal environment for growing plants due to the constant supply of water, thereby preventing the plants from becoming over dry. In addition to this, the light that passes through the transparent material of the terrarium allows for the plants within to photosynthesis, an important aspect of plant growth.

Ter2